The teaching material and media of English

 

SAMPLE OF ENGLISH TEACHING MATERIALS

Class/ Semester : 7/ I, Speaking & Grammar

  • Speaking

     

  • Pokok-pokok Pembelajaran

    Siswa dapat:

     

    1.Mengungkapkan makna dalam percakapan interpersonal dan transaksional.

    2.Melakukan interaksi dalam tindak tutur

    a. – menyapa orang yang belum /sudah dikenal,

    – memperkenalkan diri sendiri/orang lain

    – memerintah dan melarang

    b. – meminta dan memberi informasi

    – mengucapkan terima kasih

    – meminta maaf

    – mengungkapkan kesantunan

 

    2. Mengungkapkan makna tindak tutur yang terdapat pada teks lisan fungsional pendek.

     

    3. Mengungkapkan makna gagasan yang terdapat dalam teks lisan fungsional pendek

     

     

  • Table Content

    Unit 1 : Hello Ani (Greeting Other)

     

    Unit 1 Hello Ani (greeting other)

    1. Basis competence : Students are able to express greeting and leave taking appropriately

     

    2. Modelling :

    a. In the student parking area

    Rina : Hello Diko

    Diko : Hi Rina. Do you always ride your bike to school ?

    Rina : Yes, I do. I always go to school by bike everyday.

    Diko : Well, cycling is good for health, right?

    Rina : I think so, what about you? How do you go to school?

    Diko : My house is very near to school, so I go to school on foot.

    Rina : That`s good for health, too.

     

    b. In the school yard

    Agus : Hi, Doni. Good morning.

    Doni : Hi, morning. Morning too.

    Agus : We `ll have physical exercise this morning

    Doni : Yes, we`ll have at 6.30 a.m.

    Agus : Okay, I`ll go to lavatory first, see you.

    Doni : see you, too

     

    c. In front of the school

    Safitri : Hello, Dini. Waiting for someone?

    Dini : Yes, I`m waiting for my sister. She promised to pick me up.

    Safitri : But it`s almost 1 pm now. Let`s go home with me

    Dini : No, thanks a lot. I must wait for her.

    Safitri : Well, see you then.

    Dini : See you, too.

     

    d. In the classroom

    Teacher : Well, students, that`s all for today. You can prepare to go home.

    Students : Do we have any assignment, Sir?

    Teacher : No, not for today.

    Students : Thanks, God.

    Teacher : Okay, Let`s pray together. Then.

 

 

GRAMMAR

 

LESSON 1

Verb: TO BE

Present Tense Singular Plural

1st person I am We are

2nd person You are You are

3rd person He is They are

She is

It is

Note:

Be has three forms in the simple tense: am, is and are.

 

EXERCISE 1

Put am, is or are in the blanks :

  1. I …………. very busy today.

  2. John …………. a student.

  3. This …………. a good book. I am a bussinesswoman

  4. The child …………. sleeping.

  5. John and Mary …………. good students.

  6. We …………. also good students.

  7. You …………. a teacher.

  8. He…………. a good teacher.

  9. Mr. Jones …………. a man.

  10. The windows … open.

  11. The door …………. Closed.

  12. Today …………. Monday.

  13. You and Henry …………. Brother.

  14. I …………. Tired now.

  15. Miss. Smith …………. A woman.

  16. They …………. Sister.

  17. This …………. A good exercise.

  18. The weather today …………. Good.

  19. She and I …………. Relatives.

  20. The policeman …………. Wearing a uniform.

  21. Jakarta …………. The capital city of Indonesia.

  22. Sunday …………. A holiday.

  23. The pencils …………. red.

  24. Susy …………. Ten years old.

  25. Her father …………. A lawyer.

 

EXERCISE 2

Choose the correct form.

  1. You and Henry (is, are) brothers.

  2. This (is, are) a good book.

  3. You (am, are) a good student.

  4. I (am, is) also a good student.

  5. Mr. Charles (is, am) a teacher.

  6. Both doors (is, are) closed.

  7. Rudy and Peter (is, are) brothers.

  8. Today (is, are) Monday.

  9. Those (is, are) my friends.

  10. She and he (is, are) good.

 

 

LESSON 2

TO BE (Negative Form)

 

 

Present Tense Singular Plural

1st person I am not We are not

2nd person You are not You are not

3rd person He is not They are not

She is not

It is not

Note:

We form the negative of to be by placing not after the verb.

EXERCISE 3

Change to negative:

  1. We are busy today.

  2. I am good student.

  3. It is cold today.

  4. This is a difficult exercise. I am not a good driver

  5. John and I are in the same class.

  6. You and Laura are brothers.

  7. She and Joana are sisters.

  8. He is in his school.

  9. She is a beautiful girl.

  10. The books are on my desk.

 

Affirmative Short form Negative Short form

I am I’m I am not I’m not

We are we’re We are not We aren’t

You are You’re You are not You aren’t

He is He’s He is not He isn’t

She is She’s She is not She isn’t

It is It’s It is not It isn’t

They are They’re They are not They aren’t

John is John’s John is not John isn’t

Notes:

Short Form are commonly used in speaking, making notes an letters to friends and relatives.

 

EXERCISE 4

Practice these sentences using short form.

  1. I am hungry.

  2. They are not lazy.

  3. We are student.

  4. Peter is a student.

  5. He is a good student.

  6. There are not many people here.

  7. I am not a teacher.

  8. We are students.

  9. The teacher is in the class.

  10. It is a black cat.

 

 

LESSON 3

BE (QUESTION FORM)

 

Singular Plural

1st person Am I Are we?

2nd person Are you? Are you?

3rd person Is he? Are they?

Is he?

Is it?

 

Note:

We form questions with to be by lacing verb (am, is, are) before the subject.

EXERCISE 5

Change into questions:

  1. Mr. and Mrs. Hartono are Indonesia.

  2. They are brothers.

  3. She is a good student.

  4. Today is Monday.

  5. Meimunah and she are sisters.

  6. You and Yanto are cousins.

  7. This is a good book. Am I big?

  8. The teacher is tired.

  9. Susy is a secretary with GIA.

  10. Rudy Hartono is a badminton player.

 

LESSON 4

A/AN

 

A” is used before words beginning with consonant sounds like –

a book, a man, a bicycle.

AN” is used before words beginning with word sounds (a, e, i, o, u) like an orange,

an old man, an apple.

 

EXERCISE 6

Supply “a” or “an”

  1. It is …………. apple.

  2. It is …………. good book.

  3. …………. ant is …………. insect.

  4. His father is …………. doctor.

  5. …………. child must have food.

  6. I can write …………. letter in ink.

  7. His car is …………. used car.

  8. Amat is …………. honest man.

  9. She is …………. old woman.

  10. …………. cow eats grass.

  11. It is …………. nice day. It is a cow

  12. John is …………. unusual man.

  13. It is …………. big cinema.

  14. Ali is …………. excellent teacher.

  15. I use …………. umbrella on a rainy day.

 

 

 

LESSON 5

TO HAVE (HAS, HAVE)

 

 

Singular Plural

1st person I have We have

2nd person You have You have

3rd person He has They have

She has

It has

Examples :

  1. He has a book.

  2. They have many friends.

  3. John has a new pen.

 

Note:

In the examples above, has or have are used by themselves to denote “possession”

 

EXERCISE 7

Put have or has in the blanks :

  1. We …………. a car in the garage.

  2. My aunt often …………. headaches.

  3. He …………. a cold now.

  4. Amir …………. a new hat.

  5. John and Henry …………. many friends. She has a cat

 

  1. The student …………. blond hair.

  2. We all …………. new books.

  3. Laura and I …………. new dresses.

  4. The cat …………. blue eyes.

  5. Miss. Susan …………. a new boy friend.

  6. This class …………. many windows.

  7. You …………. black eyes.

  8. Nancy …………. a date with aming tonight.

  9. Boney …………. a beautiful voice.

  10. He and I …………. many friends.

  11. The children …………. bad colds.

  12. The teacher …………. red hair.

  13. I …………. two sisters.

  14. This book …………. many pictures.

  15. The dog …………. not tail.

  16. A tiger …………. four legs.

  17. The poor woman …………. white hair.

  18. All the students …………. books and pencils.

  19. The doctor …………. a new car.

  20. The rich man …………. a big house.

  21. Some dogs …………. long tails.

  22. Mr. and Mrs. Abdullah …………. one son.

  23. I …………. some money in my pocket.

  24. My brother …………. a new car.

  25. The poor children …………. new shoes.

 

LESSONS 6

NOUNS

A noun is a name to a person, a place, a thing, an animal or a quality.

Person : student, Peter, actor, Tarzan, doctor, child, father, uncle, Amir

Hamzah, etc.

Place : Jakarta, Medan, London, Afghanistan, school, park, house, village,

playground, etc.

Thing : pen, book, table, glass, eraser, key, picture, lamp, chair, stool, etc.

Animal : cat, dog, tiger, bird, elephant, etc.

Quality : Beauty, honesty, youth, happiness, etc.

 

Note :

The word thing is used to mean anything we can think of.

 

EXERCISE 8

In the following sentences, underline all nouns as shown in these examples:

Snake is an animal.

The book and pen are on the table.

  1. A carpenter makes tables.

  2. That window is broken.

  3. The oranges are in the basket.

  4. There are some sweets in the box.

  5. There are two tables in the class.

  6. My niece is a clever girl.

  7. Cats like to eat fish. The rabbit is cute

  8. The teacher talked to the students.

  9. The hunter shot the tiger.

  10. The class is studying grammar.

  11. The rose smells sweet.

  12. John is a student.

  13. Pedro and Miguel are brothers.

  14. That is a bag of rice.

  15. That dog has no tail.

  16. That farmer has an ox.

  17. A tree needs water.

  18. The book is made of paper.

  19. This is a bottle of ink.

  20. The children are playing in the garden.

  21. The dog is running in the field.

  22. There are three windows in this room.

  23. The father speaks to his students.

  24. My father and mother have asked my uncle to come to our house.

  25. There are horses and cows in the field.

 

LESSON 7

PLURAL NOUNS

This means “more than one” . English nouns in the plural usually add S.

 

Singular Plural

a pen pens

an orange oranges

a book books

a day days

a shop shops

Note :

Use a or an with the singular forms of nouns (pen, orange, etc.) but not with the plural forms (pens, oranges, etc.)

EXERCISE 9

Change into plural

Example : A cat is an animal.

Cats are animals.

  1. She is a student.

  2. He is a teacher.

  3. The book is on the table.

  4. A monkey is a small animal. The students are camping

  5. The girl has a new book.

  6. A student is not a teacher.

  7. A hen is a bird.

  8. A student is a boy or a girl.

  9. There is a dog behind you.

  10. A donkey is bigger than a cat.

  11. The pupil is not in the classroom.

  12. The cat is in the house.

  13. Where is the book of the teacher ?

  14. The soldier is on a horse.

  15. There is a picture on the wall of the house.

  16. The telephone is red.

  17. The school is closed today.

  18. There is a bird on the tree.

  19. The door is shut.

  20. The book is on the desk.

  21. The boy has a knife.

  22. A camel has four legs.

  23. My book is in my bag.

  24. The bird is singing on the tree.

  25. There is an apple on the plate.

  26. The sparrow is a small bird.

  27. A cat is an animal.

  28. The book is on the table.

  29. The goat is in a field.

  30. The shop is closed today.

 

LESSON 8

PRONOUNS

 

Pronouns are words that we use in place of a noun to avoid using a noun and time again.

Example : “Give the secretary the letter and then she will type it for you”.

 

There are several forms of pronouns :

 

Personal Pronouns

Personal Pronouns refer to people. They may be the subject or object of a sentence.

A subject does an action; an object has the action done to it (the receiver or sufferer of the action)

Subject Pronoun Object Pronouns

I me

We us

You you

He him

She her

It it

They them

 

Note :

Now learn the subject and object pronouns by heart so that you can recall them when asked to do so.

 

Subject Pronouns

Examples of Subject Pronouns

John is a boy. He is a tall boy.

(“He” is used for a male)

Mary is a girl. She is a pretty girl.

(“She” is used for a female)

My name is Laura. I am a student.

(“I” is used instead of my name. It is always written with a capital letter)

The pen is on the table. It is new.

(“it” is used for a thing)

The dog is under the table. It is sleeping.

(“It” is also for an animal)

You are ten years old. You are a student.

(“You” is used to address any person or persons).

Djohan and I are friends. We go to the same school.

(“We” is used when the speaker is referring to himself and one or more other persons)

Susan and Lucy are in the kitchen. They are baking a cake.

(“They” is used for persons already referred to.)

The books are on the shelf. They are English books.

(“They” is used for things already referred to)

The monkeys are in the cage. They are eating bananas.

(“They” is used for animals already referred to.)

EXERCISE 10

Fill in the blanks with suitable subject Pronouns.

  1. My uncle is a teacher …………. lives in Semarang.

  2. The doctor is a rich man ………….. is driving a car.

  3. Mary has come ………….. wants to see you.

  4. Are these your pencils? Yes, ………….. are.

  5. My mother is not at home ………….. has gone out.

  6. Whose pen is this? ………….. is mine.

  7. The pens are in the box ………….. are new pens.

  8. The plane is in the air ………….. is flying to Medan.

  9. The birds are on the tree. …………..are singing.

  10. This is Michael. ………….. is my cousin.

  11. My father is not well. …………..is sleeping.

  12. The woman is in the kitchen. …………..is cooking.

  13. The cow is in the field. ………….is eating grass.

  14. Whose book is this? …………..is mine.

  15. When uncle had read the magazine ……………… threw it in the corner.

 

 

Umar’s father is a teacher.

He is teaching.

 

 

 

 

 

Object Pronouns (Me, Us, You, Him, Her, It, Them)

Examples:

The dog is barking at me.

They showed us the way.

The teacher is looking at her.

I am bringing it.

Mary is smiling at them.

Note:

We use me, him, her, I t them and us when they are the objects of the verbs in the sentences.

 

EXERCISE 11

Write the following sentences again, using Object Pronouns in place of the italicized words.

  1. The girl is carrying a bag.

  2. Please shut the doors.

  3. Are you writing to John?

  4. Is he going to see Mary?

  5. Mary went to town with other friends.

  6. They are waiting for you and me.

  7. Mr. Yamamoto is smiling at the children.

  8. The boy is looking at the girls.

  9. The student is cleaning the whiteboard.

  10. The servant is washing the plates.

EXERCISE 12

Fill in the blanks with suitable Object Pronouns.

  1. He is thirsty. Give ……………… a glass of water.

  2. Susy was sick yesterday. The doctor gave ……………… some pills.

  3. We saw Mei Hoa yesterday but she did not see ………………

  4. The cat is hungry. Give ……………… something to eat.

  5. I haven’t a pen. Please lend ……………… yours.

  6. He is sitting beside the lady, and looking at ………………

  7. The teacher has got many books. He is putting ……………… in the cupboard.

  8. Andreas has a new car. His father gave it to ………………

  9. I have bought some new shirts. Do you want to see ………………?

  10. She gave me the parcels and put ……………… in the car.

 

 

 

LESSON 9

THIS, THAT, THESE, THOSE

Singular Plural

this (dis) these (diz)

that those

Note :

We use this (these) to indicate something or somebody near the speaker; we use that (those) to indicate something far from the speaker.

Examples :

This book is new. That book is old.

This is Suryadi. That is Rusdi.

These books are cheap. Those books are expensive.

EXERCISE 13

Change the following sentences into Plural.

  1. This lesson is very interesting.

(These lessons are very interesting).

  1. This letter is for you.

  2. That letter is for Mr. Rusdi.

  3. This lesson is difficult.

  4. That house is new.

  5. That window over there is closed.

  6. This apple is very good

  7. This is my book.

  8. This is an easy lessons. That is a temple

  9. That book is not of date.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SAMPLE MEDIA OF TEACHING SPEAKING IN RECOUNT TEXT

MEDIA `JINGGLE CARD`

 

 

 

 

 

Demonstrating how to play Jingle Card:

1. Divide students into groups. Each group consists of 4 or 5 students.

2. Choose one of the members in a group to be jury. The Jury leads the competition. – The duties of Jury:

a. Lead the discussion to make agreement about number of cards can be taken by member and limitation of card number will be the winner.

b. Decide the member to be participant `A, B, C, D or E

c. Lead the game

– Ask participant A : How was our week end ?

What did you do ?

  1.  
    • Participant A answer the question by making sentence based on the card she/he took.

    • If the participant can answer the question well, the jury gives score 2

    • If the participant can not answer the question, she/ he can buy the key word to the jury but she / he just only gets score 1.He/she can say,” May I buy the key word?”

( It is done too for participant B, C, D or E)

  1.  
    • If one of the participants get 5 cards ( if the agreement of some one who get 5 will be the winner), She / he will say ` I am the winner`

    • The jury will test him/her by asking :

How was your week end /

What did you do ?

How did you feel?

  1.  
    • If he /she can answer all questions, She/he will be the winner.

    • If there are many participants who get 5 cards. It is better to be tested again and the participant who can answer sooner will be winner.

    • Ask the winner to write some sentences relate to the cards.

    • Ask him/her too to read aloud for the production of sentences slowly to check the pronunciation.

 

 

THE KEY WORDS

1. Play = played I played table tennis

2. Sit down = sat down I sat down on the sofa.

Take a rest = took a rest I took a rest.

3. Play = played I played a tennis

4. Read = read I read a novels or science book.

5. Read = read I read cartoon book/ comic book

6. Go = went I went to the cinema

7. Go = went I went to circus

8. Read = read I read a newspaper

9. Play = played I played basket ball.

10.Watch = watched I watched TV.

11.Sleep = slept I slept well.

12.Play = played I played football.

13.Enjoy = enjoyed I enjoyed horse riding game.

14. Go = went I went to the park.

15. Go shopping = went shopping I went shopping at supermarket.

 

 

 

 

 

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s